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The CO2 price is to be understood as a climate tax on fuel, heating oil and natural gas. It is intended to help reduce climate-damaging carbon dioxide emissions. According to the traffic light coalition, tenants and landlords are to share these costs from January 01, 2023. The basis for this is the amount of CO2 emissions per square meter.
So far, millions of tenants have been paying the CO2 tax alone. That will change from 2023. The discussion about the distribution of the CO2 price has now ended with an agreement within the traffic light coalition. Accordingly, landlords should contribute to the costs in the future. A phased model for implementation is to be passed in the Bundestag today and will come into force on January 01, 2023.
Both tenants and landlords now have "incentives to save energy or to invest in energy efficiency," according to the FDP's housing policy spokesman, Daniel Föst. It is an important step to achieve the CO2 targets in the real estate sector.
A tiered model should apply to the distribution of costs. In the case of buildings with high CO2 emissions, landlords should bear 95% of the CO2 price, while tenants should bear the costs alone in the case of very low emissions. This means: the worse the energy balance of the building, the higher the landlord's share of the costs. An incentive to promote energetic renovations.
The CO2 price has been due on heating oil, natural gas, petrol or diesel since the beginning of 2021. Currently, the price per ton is 30 euros. In 2025, this should be 45 euros.